Publication >> SHERJ Volume 4 Released Open Journal

SHERJ - Multidisciplinary Vol.4 August 2017 Released


SMCC Higher Education Research Journal
ISSN Print: 2449-4402∑ e-ISSN: 2467-6322 ∑ Volume 4 ∑ August 2017
Published by Saint Michael College of Caraga
Nasipit, Agusan del Norte
Philippines
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Articles

An Analysis of Grammatical Errors in the Conversation of the Third Grade Students of Tourism Department of SMK Negeri 1 Kupang, Indonesia
YANDRY DIANA DETHAN
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-8482-94861

The spoken and written language cannot be separated from grammatical rules because the grammatical rules of a language play an important role to convey and receive the message. This study aimed to answer the following questions: What were the types and the most of the grammatical errors in the conversation of the third-grade students of Tourism Department of SMK Negeri 1 Kupang? The method of analyzing data was descriptive analysis. The study was conducted at SMK Negeri 1 (State Vocational High School) Kupang in the school year 2011/2012. The subjects of this study were the third-grade students of Tourism Department. In collecting the data, they were given some topics, and they were asked to make a simple conversation with their partner. The conversations were recorded. The data were analyzed using linguistic category taxonomy. It could be concluded that (1) the types of grammatical errors in conversations were: morphological and syntactical errors. (2) the most of the grammatical errors in conversations were: (a) Syntactical errors consisted of 198 errors or 83.90% and (b) Morphological errors consisted of 38 errors or 16.10%.

Rhetorical Moves in Introduction Sections of Academic Journal Articles
DJUWARI
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-1717-4448

In applied linguistics, studies on rhetorical moves using genre analysis approach have been prevailingly done. This type of research uses documents of research articles (RAs) for analysis. This research tries to explore the rhetorical moves in introduction sections of academic journal articles with two different discourse communities: Technology and Economics. It also attempts to provide the writers, especially the novice writers with general knowledge of rhetorical moves of two different discourse communities: 10 of technology RAs and the other 10 of economics RAs. These documents are taken by purposive sampling based on certain criteria. Thus, it a qualitative research using documents as the data for analysis that is also considered content analysis. The analysis is based on the genre analysis approach with CARS as the instrument. All inferences are derived from the results based on the CARs. The result shows that there are some differences of CARS adopted by the authors of the two discourse communities. Therefore, it is vital for the writers to pay attention to the rhetorical moves of introductions of these two different discourse communities. The researcher recommends that the prospective writers adopt these CARs for better adaptation to these two discourse communities when expecting to write the same RAs in these two publications.

Socio-Economic and Personal Factors as Predictor of Agricultural Information Utilization among Farmers
EGENTI, M.N.
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8456-8917

Utilization of Agricultural information among rural farmers is a major challenge facing governments, rural development experts, and stakeholders across Africa. Thus, this study was conceived to examine socioeconomic and personal factors as a predictor of agricultural information utilization among rural farmers in Imo State Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in conducting the study. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study was made up subsistence farmers in all the three senatorial district in Imo State -Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was self-designed validated survey questionnaire developed by the researcher. Data collected were analyzed using multiple regression. The findings from the study showed that all the socio-economic variables, as well as the personal factors when taken together, were effective in predicting farmers’ use of agricultural information. The observed F-ratio (F-statistics =56.216) was statistically significant at, p<.05 given 7 and 423 degrees of freedoms-an indication that the effectiveness of a combination of the independent variables in predicting farmers’ use of agricultural information could not have occurred by chance. The magnitude of the relationship between farmers’ use of information and a combination of the independent variables is reflected in the values of coefficient of multiple correlations (0.694) and multiple correlation R2 (.482). It may, therefore, be said that about 48.2% of the total variability in farmers’ use of agricultural information is accounted for by a linear combination of the personal and socio-economic variables. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that there is a need for change agents to identify and use farmers’ preferred media of information delivery, as this is likely to facilitate their acceptance and use of information presented to them.

Teaching Staff Supervision and Capacity Building for Quality Secondary Education Delivery in Rivers State of Nigeria
FLORENCE N.D. EKEH
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5282-0962

SUNDAY T. AFANGIDEH
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-4627-3472

This study examine teaching staff supervision and capacity building for quality secondary education delivery in Rivers State of Nigeria. Two (2) research questions and 2 hypotheses were answered and tested in the study, respectively. The design for the study was the descriptive survey, while the population was all the 512 public junior and senior secondary schools in Rivers state, with a corresponding principal population of 512, from where 205 were selected as sample, using the stratified random sampling technique. The participants of the study responded to a validated 19- item instrument titled ‘Teaching Staff Supervision and Capacity Building for Quality Secondary Education Delivery Scale (TSSCBQSEDS), designed by the researchers, in the modified 4-point Likert scale model, with a reliability index of 0.95, obtained using the Cronbach alpha statistics. Mean scores and weighted mean scores were used in answering the research questions, while z.test statistics was used in testing the hypotheses, at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study show that teacher’s supervision and capacity building activities enhance quality secondary education delivery and that there is a significant difference between the mean ratings of junior and senior secondary school principals on how the supervision of teachers enhances quality education delivery and no significant difference between the respondents on how teacher capacity building enhances quality education delivery: It was therefore recommended that school administrators should maintain the current tempo in educational supervision apart from continuously building the general capacities of the teachers to bring them in tune with current professional requirements.

Sociological and Philosophical Analysis of the Influence of Educated Mothers on the performance and wellbeing of Pupils in Nigerian Schools
TITI CHRISTIANAH FALANA
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1123-4932

ADESOJI ONI
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6774-2672

This study investigated the influence of educated mothers on the academic performance and well-being of primary school pupils in Ajeromi-Ifelodun Local Government area of Lagos, Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and four hypotheses were tested. The descriptive research design was adopted for the study. A total of 200 participants were selected from 10 public primary schools and 10 private primary schools within Ajeromi-Ifelodun Local Government area of Lagos, Nigeria using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used was a four point Likert Rating Scale Questionnaire type. Data analysis were done using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentage to answer the research questions, while the hypotheses formulated were tested using Chi-square and independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. All the hypotheses tested were rejected. Based on the result from the findings of this study, it was concluded that there is significant influence of educated mother on their children academic performance and well-being and that there is significant difference between academic performance, well-being of pupils from educated and uneducated mothers. Children living with mothers who have low educational attainment experience less academic guidance, support and success. Hence, mothers’ level of education is a sin qua non to their children well-being and academic pursuit. It was recommended that parents who are not educated or have low educational qualifications should endeavour to allow their children to attend summer coaching provided or secure services of home tutor for their children to complement the regular school programmes and that government and corporate institutions should increase salaries of parents in line with economic situations, to enable parents meet the educational needs of their children.

The Effects of Using Multiple Bits of Intelligence Approach in Developing Studentsí Verbal Intelligence in Storytelling
MARIA REGINA JAGA
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-0383-5519

The paper describes Multiple Bits of Intelligence approach in developing students ‘verbal intelligence in storytelling. The main purpose is to explain and then measure the students’ ability in storytelling after using Multiple Bits of Intelligence Approach. In obtaining the data, the writer uses Observations and Test. The problems of this writing are what the effect of using multiple bits of intelligence approach in developing students' verbal intelligence, especially in storytelling in class D second-semester students of Artha Wacana Christian University studying in 2012 is? With quantitative descriptive, the writer tries to answer the problem. The result of the research shows that: the mean score of the control group is 2.9 and 3.9 for the mean score of the experimental group, in other words, the mean score of the experimental group is greater than the mean score of the control group. It was also found out that the multiple bits of intelligence approach activities were more effective in the positive development of the students’ verbal intelligence especially in storytelling rather than teaching storytelling conventionally. Claiming that teaching storytelling using multiple bits of intelligence approach significantly contributes towards students’ verbal intelligence as compared to conventional teaching to storytelling. This approach contributes towards the students’ verbal intelligence.

Using Audio Visual Media to Increase the Writing Skill of Students
ANGELA MARICIMOI
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3151-7497

The present classroom action study is about using audio-visual media to increase the writing skill of SMAN 1 Soa’s students in academic year 2015/2016. The purpose of this action study was to find out whether using audiovisual media can increase the students writing skill. The subject of this study was the 11th-grade language program of SMAN 1 Soa students. This study was a classroom action research design conducted in two cycles. In collecting the data, this study used Pretest, Posttest, observation, and interview. The result of observation sheet and students test result proved that using audiovisual media could increase students’ achievement. It was found, from the mean score of observation sheet and students test result start from pre-test up to post-test increase significantly.

Teaching Indonesian for Immigrants in Kupang
JANUAR JEMY TELL
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0001-6786-7803

SERLINIA RAMBU ANAWOLI
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8942-902X

Second language acquisition (SLA) is the study on how learners create a new language system with only limited exposure to a second language. Also, SLA can be viewed from the two perspectives such as: First, a study of individual or group who learns a language; Second, a study on the process of learning the second language by an individual. This study aimed to find the teaching of Indonesian for immigrants in Kupang. It was conducted in Kupang, and the data were collected from two teachers selected as key informants. The researcher collected the data by using Techniques observation and interview. The result shows that the teaching Indonesian runs plainly. It is caused by three major things namely time allocation, lack of encouraging materials and less frequency and duration of teaching. The result also reveals that the social interaction made by immigrants is hampered by limited contact with native speakers of Indonesian whether in or out rudenim.

Stimulating Bilingual Studentsí Divergent Thinking
TIARMA MARPAUNG
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-0784-2812

Bilinguals are claimed to possess divergent thinking indicated by having creativity. As candidates of teachers, students of English Education should gain the quality of being creative so that the students can be interested in learning English. This study tried to stimulate and reinforce the ability of divergent thinking of 35 English Education students of Artha Wacana Christian University Kupang, Indonesia as they are from bilingual family. It also tried to find out the students’ level of divergent thinking ability using Gestalt and Jackson’s bucket test. It consisted of students from various ethnics of East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Among 35 participants, only 14 were fluent bilingual students. Those bilinguals acquire their mother tongue as a first language and Bahasa Indonesia as a second language. The bilingual students can mention at least 3 to more than ten uses of the tin within 7 minutes. The result shows that 36% of the students have below average scores of divergent ability, 36% of them acquire average scores, and 28% of them are categorized as creative. Thus, it indicates that the students could not gain their maximum ability of divergent thinking which was possibly due to the qualities of their divergent ability. Uncomfortable environment, individual learning style, familiar use of the object, and lack of motivation have manipulated the students’ fluency, flexibility, elaboration, and originality in diverging their thoughts. Further research needs to be done to investigate those influencing factors deeply and more issues related to bilinguals’ divergent thinking.

Item Analysis of English Final Semester Test of the Third Year Students of the English Department of SMAN I Kupang
WALDETRUDIS MBEWA
http://orcid.org/ 0000-0001-7565-3987

This paper describes item analysis. Item analysis is important for the test because it measures students ‘development or achievement. Test items are therefore needed to be reliable for that purpose. The problems of this writing are what are the difficulty levels, discrimination power of the English Final Semester Test of the third year students of the English Department of SMAN I Kuang of the Academic Year 2011/2012? To what extent do the distracters of final test items function? With quantitative descriptive, the writer tries to answer the problem. The result of the research shows that: the difficulties level of the item given is ranged from too easy to too difficult. The items are 14, 4 items are too difficult, and 22 items are accepted. Variation is needed in this kind of test, and therefore the items in the test can be accepted as a measurement. The discrimination level of the items given is ranged from the item is not too understood to discriminating. The test given has some items contains distracter. Certain items, although not rightly answered, has no disaster.